There are many problems with this evolutionary narrative. One is that we can’t explain how such complexity could have arisen on its own. Another is that if evolution is true, then complexity must have somehow formed early in evolutionary history. In fact, evolutionists sometimes use this fact to dodge the failure of their idea. They say that immense complexities, such as molecular machines and codes, are not really a problem because they occurred so early in evolutionary history. That early history, these evolutionists say, falls under the origin of life (OOL) phase, not evolution proper. So with a wave of the hand, they dismiss major failures of their idea.
But the failure of the evolutionary expectation of simple beginnings will not go away so easily. One such example in the news is the last universal common ancestor (LUCA) to all life. If evolution is true, then this ancient progenitor of all life must have been extremely complex. Here is what I wrote ten years ago in my book Darwin’s God:
[T]he next step was to piece together what the progenitor would have looked like by comparing the genetic differences and similarities of the three lineages. But the task became confusing due to the wide variety of genes between and amongst the three lineages. No clear picture of a simple progenitor emerged. Instead the only solution seemed to be a super progenitor that already had most of the highly complex traits found in each of the three lineages. The super progenitor would have been as complex as modern cells yet would have somehow arisen in a short time.
This story has not changed and recent research continues to point to a mythical “super progenitor.”
Last Universal Common Ancestor More Complex Than Previously Thought
New evidence suggests that LUCA was a sophisticated organism after all, with a complex structure recognizable as a cell, researchers report. Their study appears in the journal Biology Direct.
The study builds on several years of research into a once-overlooked feature of microbial cells, a region with a high concentration of polyphosphate, a type of energy currency in cells. Researchers report that this polyphosphate storage site actually represents the first known universal organelle, a structure once thought to be absent from bacteria and their distantly related microbial cousins, the archaea. This organelle, the evidence indicates, is present in the three domains of life: bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes (plants, animals, fungi, algae and everything else).
The existence of an organelle in bacteria goes against the traditional definition of these organisms, said University of Illinois crop sciences professor Manfredo Seufferheld, who led the study.
"It was a dogma of microbiology that organelles weren't present in bacteria," he said. But in 2003 in a paper in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Seufferheld and colleagues showed that the polyphosphate storage structure in bacteria (they analyzed an agrobacterium) was physically, chemically and functionally the same as an organelle called an acidocalcisome (uh-SID-oh-KAL-sih-zohm) found in many single-celled eukaryotes.
Their findings, the authors wrote, "suggest that acidocalcisomes arose before the prokaryotic (bacterial) and eukaryotic lineages diverged." The new study suggests that the origins of the organelle are even more ancient.
So even given evolutionary assumptions, this evidence indicates an early organelle and with it, early complexity.
"There are many possible scenarios that could explain this, but the best, the most parsimonious, the most likely would be that you had already the enzyme even before diversification started on Earth," said study co-author Gustavo Caetano-Anollés, a professor of crop sciences and an affiliate of the Institute for Genomic Biology at Illinois. "The protein was there to begin with and was then inherited into all emerging lineages."
But the evolution of even a single protein is astronomically unlikely, even according to evolutionist’s unrealistically optimistic assumptions.
The study lends support to a hypothesis that LUCA may have been more complex even than the simplest organisms alive today, said James Whitfield, a professor of entomology at Illinois and a co-author on the study.
"You can't assume that the whole story of life is just building and assembling things," Whitfield said. "Some have argued that the reason that bacteria are so simple is because they have to live in extreme environments and they have to reproduce extremely quickly. So they may actually be reduced versions of what was there originally. According to this view, they've become streamlined genetically and structurally from what they originally were like. We may have underestimated how complex this common ancestor actually was."
Early complexity is yet another example of evolutionary expectations gone wrong. Religion drives science, and it matters.